Ford & Etal - Northumberland - United Kingdom
Ford & Etal covers 5500 hectares. It is principally farmland with small areas of woodland but with a diversity of landscapes and habitats. Conservation policies by the Estate and its tenant farmers over many years mean that the area is rich with wildlife. Management of the land and the forestry has always been a mix of commercial and environmental elements. Woodland reserves have been designated for one of the last populations of Red Squirrel (Sciurus vulgaris) in England. The River Till is home to the Otter (Lutra lutra), Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar), Brown and Sea Trout (Salmo truta) and Lamprey (Lampetra sp.). Ford Moss is a rare example of a raised peat bog containing several uncommon species of plants such as Cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccus) and Bog Myrtle (Myrica gale), mosses (Sphagnum sp.), butterflies and other insects, and birds. Many footpaths and bridleways criss-cross the estates, allowing visitors to enjoy this nature and excellent views of the Cheviot Hills and the River Tweed valley.
The battlefield of Flodden saw the final defeat of Scotland in 1513. The Duddo Standing Stones are dated at 4200 years old and are a local ‘Stonehenge’. The Maelmin Heritage Trail recreates a Mesolithic site. Heatherslaw Corn Mill, a restored 18th century water mill, still produces flour from locally grown wheat. Etal Castle was ransacked at the time of the Battle of Flodden. Lady Waterford Hall, built in 1860 as the village school, contains unique life-size water-colour murals and works by Louisa Marchioness of Waterford. Hay Farm Heavy Horse Centre tells the history of farming and is home to several rare breeds of farm livestock.