Eriksberg Hotel & Nature Reserve
The forests at Eriksberg are low producing in terms of growth and quality. The ground is rock-bound with only a thin layer of soil. This affects the vegetation, which becomes very sensitive to drought. The deer graze on everything up to two metres, forming a grazing line. In the northern part of the enclosure, coniferous forest, primarily fir, dominates. Nearer the coast, there are mostly deciduous trees and low bushes, especially juniper. 70 % hardwood and 30 % pinetrees.
Eriksberg is a part of the UNESCO Biosphere Reserve Blekinge Archipelago and Nature 2000.
In the area you will see remains from the days of the crofters: stone walls, cultivation cairns and hundreds of old fruit trees serve as culture-historical reminders of a time gone by in Eriksberg’s history. At the end of the 19th century, there were more than 90 crofts at Eriksberg and approx. 1,200 people lived here on the farm.
At Utsikten (The View) was some of the landscape formed by the ice age more than 13,000 years ago. When the ice was at its thickest, the landscape was covered with 3-km thick ice. If the ice caught a crack in a rock as it headed south, it would pull the rock apart. The big stone block you can see on the Island outside Utsikten, is a so-called erratic boulder dragged here by the inland ice, and known by the local population as ‘the White Horse’. It is also known as a giant’s throw, as people believed a giant had thrown it here.
During the summer you can take the cultural environment trail that starts out from Kyrkesta. There is a resting place with wonderful views of Guöviken where you’ll see a small island with a few trees. The island is called Stockholm. Along the trail, there are information signs telling the story of the fishermen’s toil and the crofters’ cultivation labour at the time.